IoT computation and connectivity – Building the nervous system of the “Singularity”

IoT computation and connectivity - Building the nervous system of the “Singularity”

“The Singularity is Near” and other books and media have served to increase the awareness of AI and the potential for it to exceed human intelligence, in the “not too distant – but as yet unclear” time frame. Whether this is good, bad, or indifferent is an issue for social sciences, but there are certain areas that are progressing forward in science and industry. These include ubiquitous connections for all devices, big data analytics, and the forward march of Moore’s law and Metcalfe’s law.

By David Randolph Hoelscher, Director of IoT Marketing
Article contributed by Joy Zhou, Marketing Execution Dept, CCN (Products & Solutions)

Moore’s law and computation power – Singularity

Moore’s law, simply stated, says that the computation ability becomes 2X more powerful and 2X less costly for each “generation” of technology, with each technology being roughly 2 years. Conversely, biology moves at a very low linear rate of change. This is the power of Moore’s law, and how when applied to AI, Moore’s law leads to the Singularity, where human intelligence is left behind by ever exponentially increasing AI

Metcalfe’s law and connectivity – Singularity

Just as Moore’s law describes advances in processing, there is a less well known, but equally important law that describes advances in connectivity: Metcalfe’s law. Simply stated, Metcalfe’s law states that the value of a network increases as to the square of the number of connections. As an example, in the world around us, comparing the density of telecom connections in 1960s versus today’s always-on, always-connected, ubiquitous coverage IP networked mobile phone, we can see Metcalfe’s law in practice.

How does IoT relate to the Singularity

IoT is one of the latest developments in both connectivity and omputation. The idea is to connect everything from several billion human connections (mobile phones), to hundreds of billions of connections to all types of devices that can be monitored, controlled and managed. Connectivity and digital representation, areas driven byMetcalfe’s law, could be considered as the nervous system ofglobal Singularity, allowing the Singularity to become ubiquitous:connected to everything, everywhere, all the time. Whereas areasdriven by Moore’s law such as processing and areas of research such as quantum computing, machine learning, etc. could be considered as the higher level consciousness of the Singularity, allowing it to solve deeper levels of problems, soon surpassing human intellect.

Huawei leadership in IoT (LPWA, 5G)

There are several key technologies that are being developed by Huawei that are already enabling the Internet of Things. An important new area in connectivity is the development of “Low Power Wide Area” networks or LPWA. LPWAs are similar to capillaries in the human body in that they provide very low data rate connections to each end terminal. LPWAs are designed to trade off throughput capacity to increase the number of connections, and the “penetration” capability of the signal to reach previously un-connectable devices.

Huawei is a leader in the industrial standardisation and deployment of LPWA by GSMA’s 3GPP. NB-IoT is targeted at stationary, low data rate devices like water meters. eMTC (enhanced Machine Type Communication) is targeted toward mid-rate devices, and can support voice services and full mobility. Ultimately, by 2020, these LPWAs will be evolved into part of 5G, which will support very high-bandwidth, low-latency type applications such as factory robotics automation, selfdriving cars, etc.

Huawei leadership in IoT (platform, data analytics)

Another important area that Huawei is leading is IoT platform and data analytics. Once billions of devices are connected, with the appropriate level of bandwidth, it becomes necessary to collect, harmonise and analyse the data. The platform can handle connections to devices via LPWA, 2G/3G/4G, WiFi, or other specialised access networks such as BlueTooth, Zigbee, Zwave, specially designed for smart home, smart building, metering, or other vertical industries within IoT.

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Source: Huawei Enterprise Blog